Friday, December 16, 2005

Investigation - Lk. 2:41-52


1. "All male Jews were required to attend at the Temple three times in the year, at Passover, Pentecost and Tabernacles (Ex.23:14-17). . . . Attendance at all three festivals was difficult with Jews scattered all over the Roman world and beyond, but many made the effort once a year. It was the custom of Joseph and Mary to go up at Passover . . ." (Morris, 90-91)

2. "At thirteen years of age a Jewish boy entered into the full responsibilities of adulthood. During the prior year the father was required to acquaint him with the duties and regulations which he was soon to assume. Thus Jesus, when he was 'twelve years old,' made his initial visit to Jerusalem to the same feast at which, on a future springtime, he was to be the sacrificed 'paschal lamb' (1 Cor.5:7)." (Ellis, 85)

3. "The Nazareth caravan was so long it took a whole day to look through it. The caravans went up singing psalms, especially 'the songs of degrees' (Ps.120-134): but they would come back with less solemnity. It was probably when the caravan halted for the night that he was missed. At the present day the women commonly start first, and the men follow; the little children being with the mothers, and the older with either. If this was the case then, Mary might fancy that he was with Joseph, and Joseph that he was with Mary."
(Plummer 75)

4. " 'After three days' probably means three days from the time they first missed Jesus." (Morris, 91)

5. "During the feast days and Sabbaths, the temple Sanhedrin did not conduct hearings and judgments. But on these days they did sit within the temple area and informally received questions and state their traditions. In some such gathering of teachers . . . Jesus sat absorbed. As a young disciple he enacts a prelude to a future scene in which, on these same temple steps, he will be teaching his disciples (cf. 19:47; 20:1; Mk.12:41ff)." (Ellis, 86)

6. "For a list of distinguished persons who may have been present . . . Biblical personages, Symeon, Gamaliel, Annas, Caiphas, Nicodemus, and Joseph of Arimathea are possibilities." (Plummer, 76)

7. "The expression 'my Father' is noteworthy and no parallel appears to be cited (the Jews added 'in heaven' or used 'our Father' or the like). The first recorded words of the Messiah are then a recognition of his unique relationship to God and of the necessity (dei) of his being in the Father's house. . . . Jesus had a relationship with God shared by no other."
(Morris, 92)

8. "Destined to be exalted as the 'Wisdom of God,' Jesus now grows 'in wisdom.' See Luke 11:49-51." (Ellis, 86)

9. "The way Luke has told the story may strike a careful reader of his gospel as part of a large-scale framework around the main story, which is just about to begin. . . . the story of the road to Emmaus (24:13-35), in which two disciples are sharing their anguish over the three days that have elapsed since Jesus' death. Jesus meets them, and explains how 'it was necessary that these things happen.' Here is another couple, coming back to Jerusalem, finding after three days the Jesus they thought they had lost, and having him explain that 'it was necessary' (dei) 'that I had to be busy at my father's work.' You might call the pair of stories something like, 'On Finding the Jesus You Thought You'd Lost.'" (Wright, 29)